04 Jun Gold Jewellery – How It Is Made
Gold has always fascinated us, both men and women alike. And, for us Indians, gold is a symbol of prestige. On any occasion, we want to flaunt our gold jewellery and display our status in front of others. But, as easily as we flaunt the gold we have, do we realize the pain and trouble that has gone behind making these tiny bits of exquisiteness!? Obviously not! We don’t realize that while we are busy selecting our exclusive gold jewellery designs, and cribbing over the heavy prices we have to pay for them, there are skilled artisans who are burning their hands and investing weeks and months preparing these designs!
Gold jewellery making is no piece of cake; it requires a lot of skill and time to get it perfectly right. It is an art form that needs the right combination of technique and concentration to craft the metal in just the way it is needed. This is the reason why gold jewellery is so expensive – the more intricate the design, the more expensive it will be.
Today, there is a whole lot of latest technology and machinery that is being used to craft gold jewellery, which saves lots of time. But earlier, traditional jewellery was made completely with hand. Even today, not every artisan uses machinery to make the designs. There are yet some manufacturers who bend on using the traditional form of jewellery making.
How is gold jewellery made?
- Gold jewellery making always starts off with an idea. Inspiration may be taken from simple natural objects like leaves to more complex things like the idols of god.
- Once the design is decided, the Karigars sit patiently, moulding each gold bar to transform it into a malleable element to work easily with.
- This is then moved on to an iron wheel, called patti. The metal block is rolled under heavy wheels to make thin sheets or wires that can be used to make the different forms required to make the jewellery piece.
- Once the required thickness is obtained, the karigars then move on to the table to work with the wires and make a supti or base, which could include rings, collets, shanks, links, or bands that will finally hold the gemstone in place.
- All the different elements of the design are crafted using this method, which are then soldered together by using metal and heat.
- Then, the polish is applied for the small holes or filigree work, which cannot be accessed by the big polishing wheel. The piece is then cleaned in an ultrasonic machine to remove any wax and dirt that may get stuck in the tiniest of places.
- The cleaned jewellery piece is then placed onto a chapdi that helps to gently set each gemstone with absolute accuracy.
- You can see how the entire process requires complete skill, talent, and concentration. Thus, it is the talent of the karigar that decides on the final quality of the finished jewellery piece.
Such hand fabrication is ideal for one-of-a-kind jewellery pieces as it gives the karigar the freedom to work on the design and obtain what is needed.
Other methods used to make gold jewellery
There are many other methods, other than the traditional hand-made procedure, which can be used to make gold jewellery pieces. These include casting, die striking, electroforming, and electroplating.
- Casting – This involves large machines and POP or rubber to shape the metal. Each design is designed on a 3D CAD software, which allows them to transform the design into a computer file. This file is then turned into wax jewellery with the help of a 3D printer. The wax jewellery is placed inside a box and covered with molten resin that is then pressurized and hardened. The wax piece thus gets air-locked inside the resin, which is then heated to melt down the wax piece, leaving a jewellery-shaped cavity inside the dye. The rubber mould is then cut from the middle such that the cavity in the center of the mould becomes easily accessible.
- Die striking – In this process, sheets of precious metal are punched into shape by large dies that have an image inscribed onto it.
- Electroforming – This technique uses electrically charged liquids with a precious metal infused within it to layer metal on a wax model, which is them melted away.
- Electroplating – This uses the same technique as electroforming, with the difference being that it leaves thin layers that are measured in microns over a jewellery piece; thus giving the piece a layer that can protect it from tarnish or damage.
Now that you know how intricate the process of gold jewellery making is, don’t crib over the high prices. Understand the pains gone through to make your perfect piece, and flaunt it with high pride, imagining how carefully your personalized design was made. And, to get any design crafted, all you need to do is get in touch with Aura Jewels, the best customized gold jewellery shop in Bangalore, where there is a team of talented designers as well as skilled artisans, who can work together to bring to you the incredible piece you have always wanted! After all, customized jewellery is always better.